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By 1914 some replacement grips had also been made specifically for the colonies using a form of unvulcanised rubber known as "Kautschuk". Scabbards German bayonet scabbards were originally made of black leather tipped with steel or brass.
These leather scabbards could sometimes get bent and damaged when the bayonet was unsheathed, and in the colonies as with leather grips they rotted easily.
During the First World War in Europe allied propaganda suggested that the German sawback bayonets were used for torturing their victims.
Reprisals against German prisoners captured with sawback bayonets meant they they ceased to be issued and sawbacks were often removed from existing frontline bayonets.
The S71 was the bayonet designed to be used by the Prussian Infantry with the Gew71 rifle introduced after the Franco-Prussian War.
As the armies of the different German states were gradually standardised so was their weaponry and the S71 was issued to most state armies.
Sawback Blades Many German bayonets were issued with saw teeth along the back edge. These bayonets are usually referred to with an S for "Sge" or saw after the bayonet name, for example S89/05a AS.
All k S98 and Pfm bayonets came with sawback blades, so there was no need to differentiate between with or without sawback, thus no S is added at the end of their abbreviation.
The the old smokey powder used to fire the Gew71 rifles and their variants left a residue inside the rifle barrel which then needed frequent cleaning.Different types of German bayonets are usually referred to by abbreviations such as S98/05n AS.The first letter "S" stands for Seitengewehr, or bayonet.It was carried in a brass mounted leather scabbard and did not usually have a sawback blade.(Steel mounted leather scabbards and replacement all steel scabbards were sometimes issued during the First World War but not in the colonies.